Iloilo

Higher Aerial View of Iloilo City by Maletsky

Higher Aerial View of Iloilo City by Maletsky

Introduction

The City of Iloilo is the capital city of the province of Iloilo. It is the regional center of the Western Visayas as well as the center of the Iloilo-Guimaras Metropolitan Area. Popularly known as the “City of Love”, it takes pride for its Dinagyang Festival which have earned national and international recognition. Lapaz batchoy and Pancit Molo is originated from Iloilo City. Mang Inasal, a famous chicken fastfood chain in the country made its first branch in Iloilo City. The Iloilo River Esplanade which was opened last August, is becoming a tourist attraction the city. The Museo Iloilo, one of the largest museums in the country, is an excellent showcase of Ilonngo history.In the 2007 census, Iloilo City had a population of 418,710 with a 1.8% population annual growth rate. It is bordered by the towns of Oton in the west, Pavia in the north, Leganes in the northeast and the Iloilo Strait in its eastern and southern coastline. The city was a conglomeration of former towns, which are now the geographical districts, composing of: Jaro, Molo, La Paz, Mandurriao, Villa Arevalo, and Iloilo City Proper. The district of Lapuz, a former part of La Paz, was declared a separate district in 2008.

Climate

Iloilo City has a tropical wet and dry climate as according to the Köppen climate classification system, with pronounced wet season from June throughout November; then dry season from December to May.

Climate data for Iloilo, Philippines — NOAA Station Id: PH98637

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C (°F)

29.7
(85.5)

30.2
(86.4)

31.7
(89.1)

33.1
(91.6)

33.1
(91.6)

31.6
(88.9)

30.7
(87.3)

30.4
(86.7)

30.8
(87.4)

31.1
(88.0)

30.9
(87.6)

30.2
(86.4)

31.12
(88.02)

Daily mean °C (°F)

26.1
(79.0)

26.5
(79.7)

27.6
(81.7)

28.9
(84.0)

29.1
(84.4)

28.1
(82.6)

27.6
(81.7)

27.5
(81.5)

27.6
(81.7)

27.7
(81.9)

27.5
(81.5)

26.8
(80.2)

27.59
(81.66)

Average low °C (°F)

22.7
(72.9)

22.7
(72.9)

23.5
(74.3)

24.6
(76.3)

25.1
(77.2)

24.7
(76.5)

24.4
(75.9)

24.5
(76.1)

24.4
(75.9)

24.2
(75.6)

24.0
(75.2)

23.4
(74.1)

24.02
(75.24)

Rainfall mm (inches)

39.9
(1.571)

19.1
(0.752)

27.1
(1.067)

47.7
(1.878)

117.9
(4.642)

255.2
(10.047)

313.2
(12.331)

363.7
(14.319)

266.8
(10.504)

264.1
(10.398)

174.8
(6.882)

64.2
(2.528)

1,953.7
(76.917)

humidity

82

80

75

73

77

82

85

85

85

84

84

83

81.25

Source: “Climate (Average Weather) Data”. climate-charts.com. Retrieved March 13, 2011.

 

Airports

Iloilo International Airport (Iloilo Airport) is the airport serving the general area of Iloilo City. It is located 19 kilometers (12 mi) northwest of Iloilo City on a 188-hectare (460-acre) site in across the towns of Cabatuan, Santa Barbara and San Miguel. It opened to commercial traffic on June 14, 2007 after a decade of planning and construction, replacing Mandurriao Airport in Iloilo City which had been in service for over seventy years. The new airport inherited its IATA and ICAO airport codes, as well as its position as the fourth-busiest airport in the Philippines, from its predecessor.[19] It is linked to the city through Tomas Confessor Highway and served by metered taxis, airport shuttle vans and multicabs. Iloilo International Airport is currently served by four airlines namely the Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific, Airphilippines Express and SouthEast Airlines. Iloilo International Airport will be soon cater international flights to HongKong and Singapore in November. The airport is also considered as the Best Airport of The Philippines.

Shopping

  • SM City Iloilo – is the biggest shopping mall in the Western Visayan Region and second to SM City Cebu in the entire Visayas. Iloilo City is the only city in the country (outside Manila) which have numerous SM branches in one city like SM Department Store in Downtown area, two SM Supermarkets ( Jaro and Alta Tierra), and SM Hypermarket ( Jalandoni, Jaro).
  • Robinsons Place Iloilo is a shopping mall owned and operated by Robinsons Malls. Another Robinsons Mall is currently constructing in the District of Molo, Iloilo City.Iloilo City is home to the first department store in the country, the Hoskyns & Co., which opened in 1897.

Hospitals

Among the top medical facilities of Iloilo City is the St. Paul Hospital, founded by the Dennis Joseph Dougherty, the American Bishop of Jaro who later became Archbishop of Philadelphia and Cardinal of the Holy Roman Catholic Church. There is also the Iloilo Mission Hospital, which was founded by American Protestant Missionaries in 1901 as the first mission and Protestant hospital in the country, Iloilo Doctor’s Hospital, West Visayas State University Medical Center (formerly the Don Benito Lopez Memorial Hospital), Amosup Seamen’s Hospital; the Western Visayas Medical Center, St. Therese Hospital, The Medical City – Iloilo (formerly Saviour International Hospital) and Western Visayas Medical Center.

Soon to cater to the emerging health needs of the city are the Medicus Medical Center and the Park Medical Center.

The Iloilo City Emergency Responders is a response unit established in 2003 which caters to emergency cases within the city. It has provided a hotline that would expedite emergency response similar to that of United States’ 911.

Language

Hiligaynon is the language spoken in Iloilo City. English is used as the language of business and education. In addition, Tagalog and other local dialects such as Karay-a (also known as Kinaray-a) are also spoken. Spanish is still spoken by the elderly and some wealthy families and also the elder members of the micro-community of sugar-plantations related families. The Spanish language was the official language of Iloilo since the colonial period and it was removed in the 70’s, But it is still been spoken. Hiligaynon is part of the Austronesian language branch spoken in Western Visayas, It was heavily influence and based on the Spanish language and it’s orthography. The Austronesian languages are a family of languages widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members on continental Asia. Hiligaynon is concentrated in the provinces of Iloilo and Negros Occidental.

The language is referred to as “Ilonggo” or “Ilongo/Ylongo” in Iloilo and in Negros Occidental. More precisely, “Ilonggo” is an ethno-linguistic group referring to the inhabitants of Iloilo and the culture associated with native Hiligaynon speakers. The distinction between the terms, Ilonggo and Hiligaynon, is unclear.

Text adapted from Wikipedia.

 

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